Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (ROSENBURG-SES)
Recommended frequency: Every 2 weeks
The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (“ROSENBURG-SES”) is an instrument designed to measure individual self esteem. This instrument is the most widely used self-report measure of its kind, developed in the 1960s by Morris Rosenberg. The instrument contains 10 statements that pertain to self-worth and self-acceptance, with a four-point response scale ranging from “strongly agree” to “strongly disagree.”
The Rosenberg SES presented high ratings in reliability areas; internal consistency was 0.77; and minimum Coefficient of Reproducibility was at least 0.90 (M. Rosenberg, 1965, and personal communication, April 22, 1987). A varied selection of independent studies each using such samples as – parents, men over 60, high school students, and civil servants – showed alpha coefficients ranging from 0.72 to 0.87 (all fairly high). Test-retest reliability for the 2-week interval was calculated at 0.85, the 7-month interval was calculated at 0.63 (Silber & Tippett, 1965, Shorkey & Whiteman, 1978).
Below is a list of statements dealing with your general feelings about yourself. Complete these questions based upon your feelings in the past 6 weeks.
Strongly agree = 3 ; Agree = 2 ; Disagree = 1 ; Strongly disagree = 0. Items with an asterisk are reverse scored. To calculate the total self esteem score, sum the scores for the 10 items. The higher the score, the higher the self-esteem.
Greenspace has provided the following scoring ranges for levels of self-esteem.
The Morris Rosenberg Foundation; c/o Department of Sociology; University of Maryland; 2112 Art/Soc Building; College Park, MD 20742-1315
References with further characteristics of the scale:
- Crandal, R. (1973). The measurement of self-esteem and related constructs, Pp. 80-82 in J.P. Robinson & P.R. Shaver (Eds), Measures of social psychological attitudes. Revised edition. Ann Arbor: ISR.
- Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
- Wylie, R. C. (1974). The self-concept. Revised edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.